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Title: Smoking Cessation After Cancer
Authors: Sitas F; Weber MF; Egger S; Yap S; Chiew M; O'Connell DL
Categories: Cancer Type - All Cancers combined
Etiology - Exogenous Factors in the Origin and Cause of Cancer
Cancer Control, Survivorship, and Outcomes Research - Resources and Infrastructure
Year: 2014
Journal Title: Journal of Clinical Oncology
Volume: 32
Page number start: 3593
Page number end: 3595
Abstract: The benefits of smoking cessation after a cancer diagnosis are overlooked. In many high-income countries, cancer survival has improved significantly over the last few decades.1 About half of patients with cancer are now expected to survive their cancer for at least 10 years after diagnosis.2 This trend is likely to improve with the advent of better therapies. Data on cancer survival in low-income countries are sparse and too variable to summarize succinctly.3 However, many people with cancer still continue to smoke despite smoking being a known and often reversible cause of premature death as a result of cancer, cardiovascular, respiratory, and several other diseases.4 In addition, continued smoking after a cancer diagnosis increases the risk of second primary tumors and cancer recurrence and is a cause of treatment complications.5 Smoking cessation after a diagnosis imparts significant survival benefits for people with cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and multiple sclerosis.6 By comparison, the evidence regarding the benefits of smoking cessation after a cancer diagnosis is limited, as has been detailed in a recent policy statement from the American Association for Cancer Research.7 Specifically, the deleterious effects of continued smoking on overall survival after a cancer diagnosis have been quantified to a certain degree, and the relative risk of death has varied depending on the cancer type, stage of disease, and length of follow-up. That is, all-cause mortality among cancer survivors who continue to smoke after a diagnosis is significantly worse than those who have never smoked.8–18
Division: Cancer Research Division
DOI: DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2014.55.9666
Appears in Collections:Research Articles

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