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Title: The role of mindfulness in distress and quality of life for men with advanced prostate cancer.
Authors: Chambers SK; Foley E; Clutton S; McDowall R; Occhipinti S; Berry M; Stockler M; Lepore SJ; Frydenberg M; Gardiner RA; Smith DP; Davis ID
Categories: Cancer Type - Prostate Cancer
Treatment - Complementary and Alternative Treatment Approaches
Year: 2016
Journal Title: Quality of Life Research
Volume: 25
Issue: 12
Page number start: 3027
Page number end: 3035
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To examine the extent to which mindfulness skills influence psychological distress and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in men with metastatic or castration-resistant biochemical progression of prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 190 men (46 % response; mean age 71 years, SD = 8.7, range 40-91 years) with advanced prostate cancer, assessed psychological and cancer-specific distress, HRQOL. Mindfulness skills were assessed as potential predictors of adjustment outcomes. RESULTS: Overall, 39 % of men reported high psychological distress. One third had accessed psychological support previously although only 10 % were under current psychological care. One quarter had accessed a prostate cancer support group in the past six months. Higher HRQOL and lower cancer-specific and global psychological distress were related to non-judging of inner experience (p < 0.001). Higher HRQOL and lower psychological distress were related to acting with awareness (p < 0.001). Lower distress was also related to higher non-reactivity to inner experience and a lower level of observing (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Men with advanced prostate cancer are at risk of poor psychological outcomes. Psychological flexibility may be a promising target for interventions to improve adjustment outcomes in this patient group.
Division: Cancer Research Division
DOI: 10.1007/s11136-016-1341-3
Appears in Collections:Research Articles

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