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|Title:||Specific infections, infection-related behavior, and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in adults|
|Authors:||Vajdic CM; Armstrong BK; Grulich AE; Kaldor JM; Fritschi L; Benke G; Hughes AM; Kricker A; Turner JJ; Milliken S|
|Categories:||Etiology - Exogenous Factors in the Origin and Cause of Cancer|
Cancer Type - Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma
|Keywords:||Adult; New South Wales; Occupational Exposure; Odds Ratio; Other; Research; Risk; Risk Factors; Sexual Behavior; Telephone; Wales; Australia; Australian Capital Territory; blood; Case-Control Studies; epidemiology; Hepatitis C; history; Lymphoma|
|Journal Title:||Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention|
|Page number start:||1102|
|Page number end:||1108|
|Abstract:||Infections were examined as possible risk factors for non-Hodgkin lymphoma in a population-based case-control study in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory, Australia. Incident cases (n = 694) had no history of HIV infection or transplantation. Controls (n = 694) were randomly selected from electoral rolls and frequency matched to cases by age, sex, and area of residence. A postal questionnaire and telephone interview measured history of specific infections, occupational exposures, and behavioral and other risk factors for infection. Blood samples were tested for antibodies to human T-lymphotrophic virus type I and hepatitis C virus. Logistic regression models included the three matching variables and ethnicity. There was no association between risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and any of the variables analyzed, including sexually transmitted infections, sexual behavior, blood transfusions, influenza, acne, and either occupational or domestic exposure to zoonotic infections. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma risk was nonsignificantly elevated (odds ratio, 2.99; 95% confidence interval, 0.78-11.51) for those with a history of injecting drug use. Three cases and two controls (odds ratio, 1.32; 95% confidence interval, 0.22-7.98) tested positive to hepatitis C virus infection and none tested positive to human T-lymphotrophic virus type I/II infection. This study provides consistent evidence that sexually transmitted infections and zoonoses are not risk factors for non-Hodgkin lymphoma|
|Programme:||Cancer Causes; NHL|
|Division:||Cancer Research Division|
|Appears in Collections:||Research Articles|
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